The rigour of a peer review system ensures the quality of a research article. Academic Journals employs a rigorous peer review system. Independent researchers in the relevant research area assess submitted manuscripts for originality, validity and significance to help editors determine whether a manuscript should be published in their journal. When a manuscript is submitted to a journal, it is assessed to see if it meets the criteria for submission. If it does, the editorial team will select potential peer reviewers within the field of research to peer-review the manuscript and make recommendations. Academic Journals considers the double-blind peer system as a more effective review system because it limits possible bias from either the selected reviewers or from authors.
The reviewers know the names of the authors, but the authors do not know who reviewed their manuscript unless the reviewer chooses to sign their report.
The reviewers do not know the names of the authors, and the authors do not know who reviewed their manuscript.
Reviewers might be reluctant to criticize the work of more senior researchers – especially if their career depends on them. In smaller research communities this might be a bigger problem